The roof is leaking and rain starts trickling inside your
house. Yup, it’s time to find the leak. Here are some tips and tricks you can
do to find the leak on your own and to reinstall that shingle back!
Never forget: Safety First
Always make sure of your safety equipment such as helmet,
gloves and googles. Also, make sure your ladder is strong and that the weather
is clear, not hailing, snowing, or even raining as it rises the chance of accidents
How to find and deal with leaks
The attic is the easiest place to find the leak, if you have
one. Get up there with flashlight and find stains of leaks. Usually, mold will
form around it as it gets damp. If you don’t have or unable to go to the attic,
then the other way is to go up the roof directly.
A few DIY Roofing tips you should now when you look for
leaks: they usually appear on places where objects intersect, such as chimney, plumbing
or anything that needs to go through the roofs, so check these places first.
Before you start, get someone else to help you find the leak
from indoor. Now, get a hose or pipe that is long enough and start spraying
water on suspicious spots. Wait for a while to see if the water leaks indoor
and tell your partner to signal you if it leaks. Remember, there can be
multiple leaks so don’t stop at just one.
Carefully, move the hose around but stop for a while every time
you move because you need to locate the position as close as possible. Once you
are sure, start taking off the shingles and look for that hole. Look for signs
of water flowing like yellowish stains or mold or rotting wood.
Here I will list easy-to-understand ways of fixing your
First, and easiest way is to replace the shingle with a new
one and make sure that you install it properly.
The second method is to straighten a bent roof with heat. Afterwards,
use roof asphalt cement to glue it back and ensure it doesn’t leak anymore.
The third is to put flashing under small holes on shingles
made by probably from antenna or anything similar.
Now, your roof is fixed. You need to make sure that there
are no more signs of future leakage and learn to prevent big damage by leaks.
Look for nails. Some of them are hammered in a
wrong way and damage the roof as time goes by.
Clean your gutters. Leafs and sticks block the
water from flowing and it fills up during rainy season fast.
If you live in a city that snows, do install a
drip edge and ice shield to prevent interior drip.
Caulk does not fix everything! Even if they do,
it is not for long.
For brick chimneys with flashing, be reminded
that even galvanized steel will rust which will lead to leakage. There are two
methods to fix or prevent it. The easier way is to put a new flashing below the
old one. The longer, more effective way is to cut the kerf through the mortar
and put a new flashing.
How about roof vents? How do I fix them?
Plastic roof vents may crack and metal roof vents may form broken
seams. Once these happen, there’s no better way than to replace them. Again,
caulk may fix them for moment, but it is not a long term solution. Remove the
nails from the vent and take it off. Afterwards, look for nails around the shingles
there. Pull them off of they’re still intact and replace them with rubber
To prevent leakage on your new vent without nailing back the
shingles, use some caulk under the shingles around the vent and install a water
Watch out for Ice Dams
Sure, I did mention this previously, but I’d like to explain
more on why you need ice and water barrier.
Ice on your roof that melts, freezes back at the end due to
temperature drop on it and it piles up backward. It freezes through the
shingles and soffit and leaks through openings.
The first method is to rake the ice. Yes, the old method
still works and will always be effective if you shovel enough ice of your roof
to prevent ice dam.
Another way to prevent this is to install layers of barrier above
the wood sheathing. And then, lay a flashing before the fascia board. Analyze
your ventilation and insulation system around the roof to prevent ice dam. Installing
a roof edge heating cables may also help, but then, in areas with heavy or
unique snowing conditions you may need more specific guide on this.
And so are the DIY Roofing Tips and tricks that you can
apply! Hope you can fix and prevent that leakage!